Theory of Development

Whether an individual’s behavior stays with them throughout their whole life or if it changes over time the main question posed in Developmental Theory.  Research shows that crime reaches the high point in an individual’s life between the age of 17 or 18 (Cullen, 2005).  Statistics by Caspi and Moffitt (1995) show that “the majority […]


The deterrence theory in a form can be dated back to biblical times by relating the deterrence theory to the word “penance.”  Penance is making people think about what they did wrong and then how they are going to correct it.  From penance, came the word we use today “penitentiary,” where an individual must sit […]